MOSQUITO LIFE STAGES
Mosquitoes undergo a complete metamorphosis, developing through four stages: egg, larvae, pupa, and adult.
- Compete development from egg to adult usually takes from 10-14 days.
- The first three life stages occur in water and the amount of time varies depending on water temperature and food availability.
- After emergence, the adults mate and the female seeks out a blood source before laying her eggs.
- Up to 100 eggs are laid, either in water, grass, vegetation or soil close to the water source.
- When water is present, eggs hatch into the larval stage (2-3 days), although some species produce eggs, which overwinter. Larvae are worm-like organisms, which constantly wriggle around in water.
- In the following pupa stage, the young mosquito mostly rests as its pupal case hardens. The case eventually splits open and an adult mosquito delicately emerges. Most mosquitoes stay close to where they were hatched so they can raise another brood, producing one to four generations per year.
Mosquitoes are notorious for their itchy and annoying bites which are a result of the saliva from the insect. They have the ability to ruin any bonfire, family barbecue, or leisurely stroll. Anyone that has experienced a mosquito bite can attest to the discomfort and irritation associated with its presence. These nuisances not only deliver a nasty bite, they also are known for carrying dangerous disease-causing parasites and viruses that can have fatal consequences. The most well-known diseases these bugs are known for carrying and spreading include yellow fever, West Nile Virus, and malaria, to name a few. These flying annoyances prefer to feed on the blood of farm animals, and have the tendency to cause sickness and weight loss in these creatures as well.
- Cattail Mosquitoes: The cattail mosquito lives in all regions of the United States. They get their name from making their home among the cattail marshes and other freshwater vegetation. The water is also where the females lay their eggs. These pests are active during the spring and summer and usually bite at night. The Cattail Mosquito is brown in color with speckled white spots and generally 1/4″ long.
- Winter Mosquitoes: The Winter Mosquito breeds and flourishes in water. You can find them throughout North America in any stagnate body of water. The 1/2″ long Winter Mosquito is a nocturnal insect and are most active during the warm months, despite their name. The females will bite humans, but they prefer a more warm-blooded victim. Their bite can carry and transmit diseases, such as West Nile and equine encephalitis.
- Southern House Mosquitoes: Like most mosquitoes, both the male and female sip nectar and fruit juices, however, with the Southern House Mosquito only the females take blood from their host. Hunting from evening to morning, they target mostly birds but are known to bite humans as well. You can find these mosquitoes in the southern half of the united states laying their eggs on dirty bodies of water.
PREVENTING & CONTROLLING MOSQUITO INFESTATIONS
The best method of prevention for mosquitoes is to eliminate any standing water sources and to tighten water management methods including rain drainage and irrigation techniques. This also includes maintaining your gutters, draining bird pools, keeping up with appropriate garbage disposal, and monitoring garden pots. Ensuring there are no desirable breeding grounds in and around your home or business for mosquitoes is paramount to control efforts. A seasoned pest control professional can help you identify all the possible places that mosquito larvae are thriving. Contact Western Exterminator of Las Vegas today for more information about proven mosquito control techniques.
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